Fact File about the Invention of Anesthesia: Invention: Anesthesia *** Date of Invention: 1846 *** Name of Inventor: Thomas Green Morton *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1819 - 1868 *** Nationality of Inventor: American *** Category: Medical *** Country of Origin: America *** Facts about the Inventor, Thomas Green Morton, and the invention of Anesthesia ***
Fact 1: Who invented Anesthesia? Anesthesia was invented by Thomas Green Morton in 1846 during the First US Industrial Revolution era of inventions (1700 - 1860).
Fact 2: Who invented Anesthesia? What are the different types of anesthesia? There are three main types of anesthesia that are administered so that the patient patient is unable to feel pain - General, Local and Regional.
Fact 3: Who invented Anesthesia? General: A General anesthestic makes the patient unconscious, unresponsive, unable to feel pain and may also have amnesia.
Fact 4: Who invented Anesthesia? Local: A Local anesthestic numbs one small area of the body and the patient stays awake and alert.
Fact 5: Who invented Anesthesia? Regional e.g. Epidural: The third type of anesthesia is a Regional anesthestic, such as epidural anesthesia, which blocks pain in a specific area of the body of a conscious patient.
Fact 6: Who invented Anesthesia? Anesthetic medicine is inhaled as a gas through a breathing mask or tube, or given through an intravenous (IV) line.
Fact 8: Who invented Anesthesia? The pain endured by patients prior to the invention of Anesthesia was horrific but there were also significant dangers, many resulting in death, due to the lack of cleanliness in the operating room and the terrible infections which would overcome the patient following surgery.
Fact 9: Who invented Anesthesia? The germ theory of disease, establishing the relationship between germs (micro organisms) and disease, was not discovered until the 1880's when Louis Pasteur (1822 - 1895) and Robert Koch (1843 - 1910) provided convincing evidence of the relationship. Consequently, most surgeons during the early 1800's did not understand the necessity of the thorough washing of hands, surgical instruments and the operating table as a basic requirement prior to surgery.
Fact 10: Who invented Anesthesia? William T. G. Morton's discovery was not immediately acclaimed by the medical world or the public due to high mortality rates following surgery due to unhygienic practices. Surgeons were also used to communicating with patients during surgery and were reluctant to work on an unconscious patient. However, the opportunity to perform painless surgery with the use of ether anesthesia quickly gained the medical world’s acceptance of surgical anesthesia.
Fact 11: Who invented Anesthesia? The inventor of Anesthesia, Thomas Green Morton, was born on August 9, 1819 in Charlton, Massachusetts, United States and died on July 15, 1868.
Fact 16: Who invented Anesthesia? William T. G. Morton, working with a physician called Dr. Charles Thomas Jackson, continued the quest to discover a way to conduct painless dentistry. On September 30, 1846 William T. G. Morton anaesthetised a patient called Eben H. Frost by the inhalation of sulfuric ether and successfully removed an ulcerated tooth painlessly using Ether Anesthesia.
Fact 17: Who invented Anesthesia? On October 16, 1846 William T. G. Morton gave a demonstration to doctors of ether as an anesthestic during surgery at Massachusetts General Hospital. William T.G. Morton instructed the patient, Edward Gilbert Abbott, to inhale the fumes from an ether-soaked sponge. After Abbott was sufficiently sedated, a surgeon, Dr. John Collins Warren removed a tumor from his neck.
Fact 19: Who invented Anesthesia? William T.G. Morton and Charles T. Jackson applied for a patent on November 12, 1846, for an 'Improvement in surgical operations' with the use of ether, impregnated with essential oil providing a combination of ethereal and narcotic vapors producing the state of insensibility.
Fact 20: Who invented Anesthesia? On November 12, 1846 the famous American poet, Oliver Wendell Holmes, wrote to William T. G. Morton suggesting the word 'anaesthesia' to describe the mental state produced by the inhalation of the ether vapor.
Fact 22: Who invented Anesthesia? Following the invention of anesthesia, a Scottish doctor, Sir James Young Simpson (1811-1870), discovered the anaesthetic properties of chloroform in 1848 and pioneered its use in surgery helping to popularise chloroform for use in medicine.
Fact 23: Who invented Anesthesia? In 1859 an Austrian doctor and ophthalmologist called Karl Koller introduced cocaine as a local anaesthetic for eye surgery. Cocaine later became the first effective local anesthestic.
Fact 24: Who invented Anesthesia? The American Civil War (1861 - 1865) erupted and William T.G. Morton became a volunteer surgeon with the Union Army of the Potomac and applied ether anesthesia to more than 2000 wounded soldiers.
Fact 25: Who invented Anesthesia? William T.G. Morton died on July 15, 1868 following a stroke and was buried at Mount Auburn Cemetery in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. He will be remembered as the inventor of ether anesthesia and his efforts to introduce painless surgery.