Fact File: Who invented Paper? Invention: Paper *** Country of Origin: Ancient China *** Date of initial Invention: c. 100 BC *** Name of original Inventor: Unknown *** Historical Period: Ancient World *** Han dynasty (206 BC - 220 AD) *** Cai Lun (AD 48 - 121) ***
Fact 1: Who invented Paper? The name of the original inventor of Paper is unknown but it is believed to have been invented
c. 100 BC during the Ancient Chinese era known as the Han dynasty (206 BC - 220
Fact 3: Who invented Paper? The early invention of paper reached new
heights thanks to Cai Lun (AD 48 - 121) a Chinese court official who
significantly improved the existing form of paper and standardized the
Fact 5: Who invented Paper? Various ancient civilizations had developed different forms of writing. In c. 2900 BC the ancient Mesopotamians developed the first form of writing called "Cuneiform" using wedge shaped marks to make picture symbols on clay tablets.
Fact 6: Who invented Paper? The Ancient Egyptians used Papyrus c. 3000 BC as an easily portable substance to write on. Papyrus was made from the pith of the reedy plant Cyperus papyrus which grew in abundance around the river Nile in Egypt. The Greeks and Romans adopted papyrus in later centuries. The word 'paper' derives from the name papyrus.
Fact 7: Who invented Paper? Prior to the invention of paper Chinese writings and inscriptions were generally made on tablets of bamboo or on pieces of silk called chih. Silk was extremely expensive and bamboo was heavy and unwieldy. The invention of paper resolved both of these problems.
Fact 8: Who invented Paper? The oldest surviving piece of writing on paper was found in the ruins of a Han Dynasty watchtower in Inner Mongolia, c. 110 AD .
Fact 9: Who invented Paper? Cai Lun, the person credited with the invention of Paper, was born in 48 AD in Guiyang during the Chinese period of history known as the Han Dynasty.
Fact 10: Who invented Paper? Cai Lun
was born into a poor family. He aspired to leave his world of poverty and low
status to become employed in the wealthy surroundings of the Imperial royal
Fact 14: Who invented Paper? In 105 AD Cai Lun improved the process of making paper. The materials Cai Lun used in his re-invention was from the bark of Mulberry trees, rags of cloth, remnants of hemp and fishing nets. The paper making process introduced by Cai Lun involved suspending the sheets of fiber in water, draining the sheets of the water, and then drying them into a thin matted sheet.
Fact 15: Who invented Paper? Cai Lun then standardized the paper-making process eradicating the costly use of silk and the cumbersome use of bamboo as a writing material.
Fact 16: Who invented Paper? The invention of Paper and the new paper-making process invented by Cai Lun was greeted with great acclaim by the Emperor and court officials. Cai Lun was granted an aristocratic title and great wealth for his invention.
Fact 17: Who invented Paper? Cai Lun achieved power and a position of high status at the Imperial court. Cai Lun served 4 child emperors and was favored by two empresses. He became involved with court politics and palace intrigues which led to his downfall.
Fact 18: Who invented Paper? Cai Lun was ordered to report to a prison for questioning. Believing he would be incarcerated, or worse, Cai Lun took a bath and dressed in his finest silk robes. He then committed suicide by drinking poison.
Fact 19: Who invented Paper? Cai Lun died in 121 AD but is still remembered today for his invention of paper and as the father of the modern paper industry. Hi invention helped the development of Chinese civilisation through improved education and the greater spread of knowledge.
Fact 20: Who invented Paper? The 'Four
Great Chinese Inventions' in the history of Chinese science and technology
were the invention of paper, printing, gunpowder and the compass.
Fact 22: The invention of the Printing Press by Johannes Gutenberg in 1440 further increased the use of paper, and greatly facilitated the advancements made during the Renaissance Period and beyond. The humble Paperclip was made readily available in 1899 when William D. Middlebrook received patent number US 636272 for his "Machine for making wire paper-clips" and different variations of the Stapler were invented in the late 1800's.