Fact File: Who invented the Computer? Date of Invention: 1837 *** Name of Inventor: Charles Babbage *** Lifespan of Inventor: 26 December 1791 - 18 October 1871 *** Nationality of Inventor: English *** Historical Period: Industrial Revolution *** Category: Computing and Technology *** Country of Origin: England *** Facts about the Inventor, Charles Babbage ***
Fact 1: Who invented the Computer? The Computer was invented by Charles
Babbage in 1837 during the Industrial Revolution era of inventions and was a
profound addition to advancements made in the area of Computing and Technology.
Fact 3: Who invented the Computer? Charles Babbage began the road that
would lead to the development of the modern computer however, earlier
contributions of other inventors should not be forgotten.
Fact 5: Who invented the Computer? Charles Babbage followed in the
footsteps of these great inventors from history and invented the mechanical Computer.
Charles Babbage, was born on 26 December 1791 in London, England and died on 18
Fact 7: Who invented the Computer? Charles Babbage completed his
education in 1814 at Trinity College, Cambridge and Peterhouse, Cambridge, where
he studied mathematics.
Fact 9: Who invented the Computer? In 1816 Charles Babbage was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society and founded the Astronomical Society and went on to found the Analytical Society with John Herschel and George Peacock in 1820.
Fact 10: Who invented the Computer? Work on his invention of the Computer began in 1821 when he started to develop the Difference Engine which was intended to compile and print mathematical tables. His work on the Difference Engine would ultimately lead to his invention of the Analytical Engine in 1837, the first mechanical general-purpose computer.
Fact 12: Who invented the Computer? 1827 was a terrible, tragic year for
Charles Babbage with the loss of his father, his wife and a son in the space of
just 12 months. He threw himself into his work and returned to Cambridge.
Fact 14: Who invented the Computer? Charles Babbage completed his design of the Analytical Engine in 1856. He used the punch card idea that had been invented by Joseph-Marie Jacquard in 1801 for programming.
Fact 15: Who invented the Computer? Charles Babbage died on 18 October 1871 in Marylebone, London. His name is assured in history as the inventor of the computer.
Fact 16: Who invented the Computer? In 1878, after the death of Babbage, a committee of the British Association for the Advancement of Science described the Analytical Engine as "a marvel of mechanical ingenuity". But the prestigious committee refused to fund the project, unsure of how much it would cost and whether it was perform accurately after it was built.
Fact 17: Who invented the Computer? Charles Babbage was never able to fully complete the construction of his Analytical Engine due to lack of funding. The actual building of the first general-purpose computer would not occur until one hundred years later in the 1940's. The proposed structure of Babbage's Analytical Engine has dominated computer design in the electronic era.
Fact 18: Who invented the Computer? The development of the modern electronic Computer started during WW2 (1939 - 1945) when Alan Turing invented the electromechanical Turing Machine. In 1958 Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce invented the computer chip and the first Internet, called ARPANET, was developed in 1969. In 1971 Ray Tomlinson invented Email and between 1974-1977 the first personal computers were developed. In 1976 Steve Jobs founded Apple pioneering the development of the Personal Computer, leading to the development of the iPad and the Smartphone. Adam Osborne invented the Laptop computer in 1981. The English inventor Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web in 1991 and in 1998 Sergey Brin and Larry Page invented the Google search engine.
Fact 19: Impact of the Computer? The invention of the Computer made a profound effect on the lives of people and a massive impact on society. The computer is the most versatile machine that has ever been invented and computers are used in nearly every business and industry, changing the jobs of many people. Space ships, planes, cars and practically every modern household device have been designed via computers. Education has taken huge leaps due to readily available information via computers and entertainment such as the movies have benefited from special effects created by the computer.